Section J

Jambudvipa (Jambu) : Jambudvipa was the name the ancient Indians gave to the Asian continent. In the Buddhist cosmology, it was the continent situated to the South of Mount Sumeru.

Jamgon Kongtrul Lodro Taye Rinpoche I (1813-1899): Prolific writer and leader of Rime movement who helped revitalize the Shangpa Kagyu Lineage and preserve many ancient lineages. Jamgon Kongtrul RInpoche III (1953-1992) was killed in an auto accident. The identity of Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche IV is in dispute with two candidates having been recognized by different sources. See BOOKS.

Jamyang Kyentse Wangpo, Dharma King (1820-1892): Famous Sakya and Nyingma dharma king and leader of the Rime movement. The second Jamyang Khyentze Rinpoche (1904-1987) continued in this tradition and was also remarkable. Both of these great dharma kings carried all the major ineages of Tibet. The third main incarnation is Ven. Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche (1961- ) of Bhutan, the son of H.H. Thinley Norbu Rinpoche and grandson of H.H. Dudjom Rinpoche. See DISCOURSES, also Chokgyur Lingpa.

Jebtsundamba Khutukhtu (16??-1723): Incarnation of Jonang Dharma King Taranthana who became the head of the Geluk sect in Mongolia. Current incarnation lives in exile in India.

Jeta’s Grove: Anathapindika’s (Jetavana) monastery in Sravasti. See Anathapindikovada Sutta, Bahiya Sutta, Bhaya-bherava Sutta, Cuuladhammasamaadanna Sutta for photos.

Jetsen Dakpa Gyaltsen (1147-1216) (Zha-ba Jian-zan): Younger son of Sachen Kunga Nyingpo and the third of the five patriarchs of the Sakya Sect. See BOOKS.

Jewel Mirror: The “Wish-fulfilling Jewel Mirror of the Buddha-dharma.” By practicing the true Buddha-dharma of Shakyamuni Buddha you can realize the “Jewels” of good fortune and happiness, obtain freedom from worry, and develop your intrinsic wisdom so as to have the supernormal powers to perform miracles and perfect the Five Vidyas. You will develop the heart of compassion and become a Holy One or Saint— an enlightened being. See “cintamani”.

Jeweled Net of Indra: Associated with the Avatamsaka Sutra, with its conception of unity and universal interdependence this is one of the most beautiful and profound metaphors in the mahayana tradition. There is a net in the abode of the great god Indra, which has been hung by some cunning artificer in such a manner that it stretches out infinitely in all directions. In accordance with the extravagant tastes of deities, the artificer has hung a single glittering jewel in each “eye” of the net, and since the net itself is infinite in dimension, the jewels are infinite in number. In looking at each jewel, you discover that in its polished surface there are reflected all the other jewels in the net, infinite in number. The Hua-Yen [Avatamsaka] school mentioned this image many times in its literature, because it symbolizes a cosmos in which there is an infinitely repeated interrelationship among all the members of the cosmos. This relationship is said to be one of simultaneous mutual identity and mutual inter causality.

jhana (dhyana): Meditative absorption state in Pali. See “dhyana.”

Jiezhong, (1967-  ) (Di-liu-shi Ga-ma-ba Lu-bao-guan Jie Zong Fa-wang): The Green Jewel Crown Dharma King Karmapa VI of the Karma Kagyu Sect.

Jigdal Dagchen Sakya Rinpoche (1929-  ) (Da-qin Ren-bo-qie): Dharma King of the Sakya Sect who founded the Sakya Monastery in Seattle, WA.

Jigme Dorje, H.H. : Current Dharma King of the Jonang Sect who lives in China.

Jigme Lingpa (1730-1798): Received the Longchen Nyingthik lineage as a mind terma from Lonchenpa.  His principal student was the first Dodrupchen.

Jigme Phuntsok (1933-2004): Famous Nyingma Dharma King of eastern TIbet.

Jivaka Komarabhacca, Doctor: The personal physician of the Buddha. The son of King Bimbisara and Ambapali and half brother of King Ajatasatru. Other sources say that he was an orphan raised by a certain prince Abhaya. Also known as the Father Doctor Shivago. In Thailand he is held to be the founder of the Thai system of medicine. See Jivaka Sutta: a Discourse to Doctor Jivaka on Vegetarianismand the Four Medicine Tantras.

jnana (ye she):  Enlightened wisdom that is beyond dualistic thought.

Jnanasutra: Friend of Vimalamitra who also went to China to receive the Nyingthik from Shri Singha. He received a casket fro Shri Singha containing the verses called the Seven Nails and instructions on where to extract the Nyingthik teachings from their hiding place. He returned to the Bhasing Charnel ground where he taught the Nyingthik to dakas and dakinis. He also achieved the rainbow body at the end of his life. See Nyingma Lineage.

Jonang Sect (Jue-nang Pai): The primary holder of the complete Dro transmission and practice linage of the Kalachakra Tantra, the Six Yogas of the Kalachakra completion stage and the shentong or “emptiness of other” view. Founded in the twelfth century by Yumo Mikyo Dorje and made famous by the brilliant monk Dolpopa Sherab Gyeltsen. In 1650, for political reasons (The Jonang had strong ties with the Mongolians), the Dalai Lama V prohibited the teaching of the shentong view of emptiness, sealed Jonang libraries, burned Jonang books, and forcibly converted the Jonang monasteries in Central Tibet to Geluk. It was generally believed that the sect had become extinct. However, many remote monasteries did survive in Eastern Tibet and have continued practicing uninterrupted to this day. It is the most mystical of the Tibetan traditions with many highly accomplished practitioners including current Dharma Kings Ngagwang Pedma Namgyal Palzangpo (H.H. Penam Rinpoche) and H.H. Jigme Dorje.

ju-shi: Chinese term for layperson (non-monastic) follower of the Buddha.

Junmai Baima Dorje Rinpoche VI: Current nirmanakaya incarnation of Vajravarahi.